Hormones are responsible for so many different processes in our body, and the types and levels that interact on our body changes with our age. Is it any wonder that the hormones prevalent at every stage of our life cycle, have an impact on our skin too?
Let’s take a look at how hormones might affect our skin in our thirties, and beyond.
Pregnancy & Related Hormones
It’s quite common for women to have children in their thirties, and pregnancy significantly changes a woman’s body. Sometimes “super-surges” in different hormones can lead to unexpected acne breakouts, and increased pigmentation. Many women also experience hormonal acne just before that time of the month, due to fluctuations in hormone level that stimulate the sebaceous glands. Even chemical contraception can impact on the skin – for example, “the pill” contains artificial hormones that can increase sensitivity to sunlight, and result in marked pigmentation.
What About Lines & Wrinkles?
This is when it really tells how well we looked after our skin during our teenage years. Damage done over a decade ago begins to surface in our thirties. Also, as cell turnover slows down wrinkles, pigmentation and dullness all start to make an appearance. if you’ve not already invested in active products and treatments, now is the time!
These are the steps recommended by the International Institute of Anti-Ageing:
- Start to increase vitamin C (topically and orally is best) for strong, healthy collagen formation.
- Get your skin professionally analysed and follow a skincare programme tailored for your individual skin (our staff can help with this).
- Introduce vitamin A (again, topically and orally is best for maximum effect) to help keep skin looking healthy. Please first seek advice if you are pregnant before taking vitamin A.
- Protect the skin from the sun at all times, and it’s best to use an antioxidant based sunscreen.
THE FORTIES AND FIFTIES
Oh oh – beware the perimenopause! More hormonal changes, and it happens to us all at different times – it could be 41, 49, or even later, but expect further changes to the skin at this time. This phase is a pre-cursor to the full menopause, and normally lasts between 3 and 4 years – although again, this can vary for different individuals. Hormone production goes on the wane and fluctuations are also likely.
One of the main occurrences is a decline in oestrogen, which makes our skin thinner and more papery. Unfortunately, thinner skin makes everything more obvious – like wrinkles on the upper lips! Not only that. but our collagen and elastin starts to fly out the window too. Sub-cutaneous fat reduces, and our facial bones may shrink a bit too, which may change the structural integrity of our face. Lucky us! So what does the Institute recommend at this stage of our lives?
Balance from within becomes even more important. Diet is increasingly important to keep blood sugars balanced and feed our skin with the right nutrients. Where possible, cut down on caffeine, sugar and alcohol – and no surprise, smoking! Supplement your diet – introducing extra vitamin support can really keep your skin structure healthy and increase the effectiveness of creams and serums you use on the outside. Omega 3 can help with dry skin too.
But what about specific skin tips?
- Use SPF cream with antioxidants – a winning combination for skin changes during the menopause.
- Eliminate scrubs, harsh cleansers and facial brushes, because they tend to strip the skin of natural oils. The disruption to the skin’s surface can contribute to further loss of moisture.
- Use a hydrating cleanser, preferably oil-based. These are more likely to maintain the natural balance of the skin.
- Keep going with (or definitely introduce) key active ingredients – vitamin A and C in particular, and antioxidants to protect the skin from damage from free radicals. Why? Vitamin A thickens the skin, while Vitamin C will support collagen production and the creation of healthy new skin cells. (Remember that taking orally will boost what you put on the outside of your skin too.)
- Introduce a good quality omega 3 and 6 supplement, to help compensate for the natural decline in oils and nutrients.
Above all else, at whatever age and stage your skin is, a professional skincare consultation will benefit you. Our experienced and friendly staff are here to help your skin look the best it can. They can design the best possible skincare regime suited to you as an individual.
Simply give us a call or email us to book an appointment. T: 01467 629892 E: firstname.lastname@example.org